In the ancient times, when there was just a few people but a lot of countries, permanent habitats were raised only in the extremely favorable places, out of which the cities were grown later. The history of human dwellings on the territory of today’s Sremska Mitrovica extends to 5000 BC.
The position between the Sava and Fruska Gora provided the excellent conditions for hunting, fishing, livestock and agriculture so that the human community was growing and developing rapidly in that area.
The Roman Empire appeared in this area in the first century BC and found already big and developed city of Sirmium there. The period of Roman rule extends from the middle of the first century to the middle of the fifth century BC. This was a period of great changes, wars, reforms, overturns and great achievements. The disappearance of the Western Roman Empire from the historical scene overlaps with the fall of Sirmium into the hands of the Huns. Sirmium in particular, but also the entire province of Illyricum, played a significant role in that turbulent period of history. Sirmium gave ten emperors to the Roman Empire and the rest of Illyricum gave nearly as much.
The period of the reign of the Roman Empire brought to our region viticulture and the art of making wine. The area of Fruska Gora, between the two rivers, was the perfect place to plant the first vineyards. Wine was the driving force of the whole Roman Empire. Without it, the oarsmen in the galleys did not paddle, the legions did not move, without wine there was no discussion or negotiations or plans. Due to the great strategic importance of wine, there was a moratorium on the cultivation and production outside the Apennine Peninsula.
The first vine on the hills of Fruska Gora was planted by the wish of the Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius Probus, who was a native of those parts of present-day Vojvodina. It was 1700 years ago. Among the Fruska Gora wines, their red and white wine is noted as a rare pearl of Serbian culture and spirituality from Sremski Karlovci, which for several centuries was considered for the Serbian capital of wine.
According to the records, the wine from Fruska Gora was exported in the 15th century to the Czech Republic and Poland. A writer and member of the Viennese Academy of Sciences Zechariah Orfelin printed a brochure about wine in Srem in the second half of the 18th century in Vienna, while a few decades later the clergy of the monastery Rakovac, one of the 17 that were in Fruska Gora, printed the first vineyard manual in Budim. These are the oldest works in Serbian language about viticulture and winemaking in Vojvodina.
Fruska Gora is the area of Italian Riesling, some say it is even its homeland. Under this type of vine, there is more than half of the vineyards of this beautiful mountain in Vojvodina. Due to geographical location, proximity to the Danube, microclimate and sun reflection from the surface of the Danube, the grapes are ripen earlier in this area and that percentage has more sugar compared to other wine-growing regions of Vojvodina. Someone said that the wines from Fruska Gora have the reflections of the Danube. In any case – their noise remains long on the palate.
There is a lot of wineries, wine cellars and wine shops in the area, but the ones with the longest tradition and best quality, which you should not “skip” if you visit this region are the following:
In the center of Sremski Karlovci, overlooking the beautiful Gymnasium of Karlovci, a small family winery is located. The famous drink bermet produced in this winery, will delight all those who are curious to try it, but for the true lovers of premium wines, Winery “Dosen” offers: red wine, merlot and chardonnay – nominated “king of white wines”. The Winery “Dosen” organizes the gustations according to the announcement. Owners claim that the gustation is not only wine tasting, but first of all, it is socializing with friends and therefore all people of good will who intend to come are called to Karlovci to visit and enjoy this little paradise.
WINE CELLAR BAJILO
The wine can be tasted and bought in the basement. The gustation is done in a way that 3 to 4 wines are tasted with the muffin or cheese. If you want to try liqueur wine bermet, it will come with orašnica. As for the red wines, here you can purchase Cabernet Sauvignon, Cormorant, portugizer of white Rhine and Italian Riesling, more and indigenous Neoplanta, the kind that was planted this autumn by Bajilo and with whose quality they are also very satisfied.
Especially it is being waited the wine Sila also autochthonous kind, which is planted on a hectare and expected to be harvested in the autumn. There is also a nice and drinkable rose wine of Muscat Hamburg and bermet. Prices of wine in bulk are between 250 and 300 pounds, and a bottle is between 500 and 800 pounds. The price of Bermet, which is exclusively sold bottled, is 800 dinars.
One of the most famous wine-making family from Sremski Karlovci is the family Dulka, which has been in this business since 1920, and from knee to knee extends and improves growing grapes and producing wine. Today Dulka has 8 hectares of vineyards, 10 hectares of fruit cellar with a capacity of 80,000 liters of wine, 10,000 liters of brandy, cognac and famous Bermet from Karlovac.
Winery “Dulka” in its assortment offers Italian Riesling, cabernet sauvignon, rose wine, white and black bermet, brandy from ’95, awarded with nine gold medals, as well as brandies made of peach, grape, plum and apple cider.
“Dulka`s wine house” was designed as a typical house from Vojvodina of a museum type. In addition to old cases which were once used in this rich owners home, it can be seen furniture which is extremely well preserved, dating from the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century.
THE MUSEUM OF BEEKEPING AND WINE HOUSE ZIVANOVIC
Following the recipe of their ancestors, even today the family Zivanovic is engaged in the production of well-known, special wines, ausbruch and Bermet, which won numerous awards for a short time after the restored production (Zivanovic`s bermet won gold medals at the Novi Sad Fair in 2003 and the gold medal for quality in class dessert wines at the first international wine competition, organized by the Sommelier Association of Serbia, at the Hyatt Hotel, in 2004).
With the famous dessert wines, the family Zivanovic in the range of its products has: Italian Riesling, Riesling, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Probus, honey wine, grape and apricot.
Within the family estate, two wine-cellar vaults have again been revived. The old cellar, dating from the eighteenth century, was deeply dug into the bank, and it is used for production and storage of wine. Other cellar extends over 140 m, with a capacity of 80 people and the gustation of wine is organized in it,as well as of brandy and honey, with “Srem frushtuk (breakfast)” with local rural specialties.
Winery “Kosovic” is a home business that includes three generations. They have a three-hectares plantation of vineyards that are located on the parcels near Sremski Karlovci. The family Kosovic manages to process all three hectares and that plant each year one hectare of new vineyards. Winery “Kosovic” has a very high-quality grapes, because the wine has excellent qualities.
Production and exhibition range includes: parishioner, Italian Riesling, Cormorant, cabernet sauvignon, black and white Bermet and brandy: rakia and grape.
This family owns a wine cellar dug into the bank of Calvary. It also has a wine cellar with the gustation room, which can accommodate 60 visitors. Lectures on wine and brandy are organized in this space, breakfast consisting exclusively of local products is served, and of course – the gestation of brandy and wine is done.
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