Not so tall, but still proud of its 511 meters above sea level, mountain Avala is considered one of the most popular destinations to go out of the town, enjoy in nature and get some fresh air. Located only 17 km from Belgrade, this places offers visitors a chance to learn more about the diverse flora and fauna on mountain Avala, but also to be more involved in Serbian rich history.
If you want to spend a quality day in nature, but still stay in the vicinity of Belgrade, one of our recommendations is the place which represents a paradise for grimy city lungs and crowded traffic jams. The best would be to come by car, motorcycle or if you are more of a sporty type, by bicycle. There is plenty of parking so you can park your car near hotel and restaurant Avala and prepare yourself for unforgettable adventure. Ten kilometers of marked hiking trails and a few kilometers of asphalt roads are ideal for walking and recreation. On your way you’ll see stalls which are full with ethnic marks of our country. Here you can treat yourself with some precious souvenirs, if you come to visit us from somewhere else.
You can find on mountain Avala two mountain huts: Mitrovicev Dom and Carapićev Brest. There is Avala Hotel too, where you can have lunch or spend the night. Those who prefer to picnic by theirselves, can prepare a barbecue in marked areas for it.
WHAT TO SEE ON AVALA
Avala was “ruled” by TV tower together with the Pobednik which is representing the main symbol of Belgrade. Tower was built in 1965 and was 195 meters high, but unfortunately demolished in 1999 during the NATO bombing. This tower was the tallest building in the Balkans as well as the largest building in the world that did not lay on foundations but was placed on tripod. In the same place, with the most modern techniques of construction, at the end of October 2009 was built new, identical building. Today, the most amazing sightseeing is at the top of the tower, you can observe Belgrade and surroundings in all off its beauty.
Avala tower is open for visitors every day from 09am to 16pm. Ticket price: 300 rsd basic ticket, view included only and VIP ticket, 550 rsd, where you have one free local drink in a bar at the top of the tower and then go few floors up for magnificent viewpoint.
THE WOODEN CHURCH, DEDICATED TO DESPOT STEFAN LAZAREVIC
The wooden church, about 60 square meters high, was designed by a deacon Miroslav Nikolic. It was built in the Serbian-Byzantine style, inscribed with a cross in the grounds, modeled by the church in Zlatar. Beside this facility is the bell tower, within located a spot to light the candle and shops to buy some souvenirs.
MONUMENT OF THE UNKNOWN HERO
It was built at the initiative of King Alexander I Karadjordjevic, in the glory of numerous victims fallen in the defence of their newly-born country. After the 1st WW, the idea of presenting soldiers whose lives were the highly-paid price for the freedom of their motherland, began to sprout in almost all the countries in the world. Serbian farmers have decided to contribute it by going to the Tomb of the unknown hero, who was buried on Avala mountain, and raise there a modest monument in the form of a stone cross.
King Aleksandar I Karadjordjevic believed that soldiers should pay greater honor, and at his request, sculptor Ivan Mestrovic, made a monument whose construction was completed in 1938. The monument bears the name of the Unknown Soldier.
One interesting fact about this monument is that it is built on the former site of the medieval town Zrnov. The mystery begins from the moment when king decided to put a memorial in this place, so the medieval castle was mined and ruined. Nowadays, there is no single stone which would reveal the remains of this town.
It is assumed that Žrnov dates back to the time of the old Romans who built it to control access to the town of Singidunum, but also to protect the miners, who stayed in this area because of the huge natural resources that are located on and all around Avala.
MONUMENT OF THE SOVIET WAR VETERANS
Unfortunately, this monument is almost unknown to visitors who come to explore Avala. It is located below the road that leads to the top, which makes it almost unnoticeable for botched visitor’s eye. It was built in 1965th by Jovana Kratohvil. It is dedicated to the members of the Soviet delegation, who died in a plane crash on Avala 19. October 1964. During the accident aircraft Ilyushin Il – 18 crashed into the top of Avala.
Delegation which died in this horrible accident was planning to come to the commemoration of the liberation of Belgrade in World War II. Among the dead was, also, Biriuzov Sergei and Vladimir Zhdanov, after whom are named two streets in Belgrade. There is still no determined reason for the crash, as well as a numerous incongruities that are bound to this accident.
MONUMENT OF VASA CARAPIC
This monument is located on the north-eastern slopes of Avala. Vasa Carapic was born in Beli Potok, below Avala. He was one of the Serbian military leaders of the First Serbian Uprising. The liberation of Belgrade started on his initiative in 1806. During the attack, he was fatally wounded. Beside the monument, on Avala, Vasa Carapic, has his own street in the center of Belgrade.
“Outside the fortress on the west side is settled about a hundred houses covered with reeds and the tiles. Decorated with beautiful gardens and vineyards. There is one mosque, but without bazaar. Only has many picnic areas, which resemble on the heavenly gardens and vineyards” according to Evliya Çelebi
You can have lunch on Avala mountain, in the “Avala” restaurant or make some good barbecue on the camp out. Our recommendation is to visit ethno restaurant “Mirovica” in return. If you want to know something more about this traditional and warm place and atmosphere click here.